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Old 01-08-2014, 09:30 PM
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Default Biotopic Habitat

I'm trying to figure out how to do a biotropic habitat for galacs. Biotropic Designs has some great information but it's divided into mostly lowland rainforest floor or rainforest canopy. I know galcs use more vertical space than the tincs but does anyone know exactly where they live? Do they move from floor to canopy or just from the forest floor midway up as they aren't as small as the canopy dwellers?

I've already planned to go a hygrolon/cork background and keep the floor mostly clear except perhaps for one fern and maybe a jeweled orchid (maybe) or philodendron trained to climb up the wall. Up the wall will be broms, orchids, small ferns and tilandsia.

I really want to match the plants and setup with the galacs, does this sound like a decent setup for them?
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Old 01-08-2014, 09:46 PM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

getting a biotopically correct jewel orchid might be tough

Galacts are still considered terrestrial I believe, so plan a viv around the use of a lot of floor space



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Old 01-08-2014, 10:04 PM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

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getting a biotopically correct jewel orchid might be tough

Galacts are still considered terrestrial I believe, so plan a viv around the use of a lot of floor space
LOL I was afraid you might say that as they are more associated with Asia, it might have to go in the orchid specific vivarium That's why I mentioned the philodendron, I'd like to do a fern and one other plant on the floor and then leave the rest of it leaf litter and various debris type decorations.

Last edited by Kudaria; 01-08-2014 at 10:06 PM.
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Old 01-08-2014, 10:07 PM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

There ARE S. American jewel orchids, but they are harder to find and more expensive



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Old 01-08-2014, 10:08 PM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

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There ARE S. American jewel orchids, but they are harder to find and more expensive
Woa there are? I thought all of them were from Asia and the Pacific Islands do you happen to know the species name?
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Old 01-08-2014, 10:13 PM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

Goodyera for one. Those are hardy, and easy to find at many orchid specialists
Sarcoglottis sceptrodes is another thats great and easy to grow



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Old 01-08-2014, 10:16 PM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

Cyclopogon as well, but Ive had difficulty with these in vivs.... maybe I need to tweak how I grow them. NO clay substrate, thats for sure

Aspidogyne is well, but Ive never grown these



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Last edited by frogparty; 01-08-2014 at 10:19 PM.
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Old 01-08-2014, 10:20 PM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

I'll have to actually look then instead of giving up on that idea. What I want to do is match the lowlands rainforest area plants, that way I figure that what's ideal for the plants should be ideal for the galacs as well or very close to it.
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Old 01-08-2014, 10:31 PM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

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Galacts are still considered terrestrial I believe, so plan a viv around the use of a lot of floor space
They are but specific mention is made of the fact that they like to go up in response to danger instead of hiding upon the ground and that they will use the whole space of the vivarium more than tincs. That's one of the reason's I wanted a galac rather than a tinc.

I've got a nice ghostwood branch and a 'strange' vine from NEHerps that I'm planning on use to provide a way into the upper reaches of the viv along with use of both upward growing plants and trailing plants.

I was hoping that someone who has galacs could chime in with what works for them and what their frogs seem to really like.
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Old 01-09-2014, 12:02 AM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

If your looking for a nice terrestrial orchid from the tropical americas I recommend Cranichis muscosa. It's found just about in every country except past bolivia and very easy to grow. Andy's orchids has a sale on it right now too.

The nice thing about that orchid too is if given the chance it will grow against the background or wood and grow as an epiphyte if enough moisture is provided. It's one of my favorites just for the foliage and the bloom is a bonus. The foliage is sturdy and I think your frogs may not do much damage to it once it's settled in.
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Old 01-09-2014, 10:09 AM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

Ok none of the Goodyera (at least that I could find from googling the genus) are from South America, though some are found in North America.

Sarcoglottis sceptrodes however is found from - "Mexico, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Panama in lower rainforests at elevations of sealevel to 1000 meters as a large sized, hot growing terrestrial or pseudo-lithophyte on rocks in soil deposits above streams with a basal rosette of, fasciculate, glabrous below and pubescent above, long-petiolate leaves that blooms in the winter and early spring on a loosely several flowered inflorescence with acuminate floral bracts" according to orchidspecies.com

The Cyclopogon's definitely come from South America but finding them might be difficult as you mentioned.

I like the look of the sarcoglottis do you think it will do well under moderate light? Also how big will it get? I've only got 18x18 worth of floor space.

Last edited by Kudaria; 01-09-2014 at 10:23 AM.
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Old 01-09-2014, 10:22 AM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

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Originally Posted by dendrothusiast View Post
If your looking for a nice terrestrial orchid from the tropical americas I recommend Cranichis muscosa. It's found just about in every country except past bolivia and very easy to grow. Andy's orchids has a sale on it right now too.

The nice thing about that orchid too is if given the chance it will grow against the background or wood and grow as an epiphyte if enough moisture is provided. It's one of my favorites just for the foliage and the bloom is a bonus. The foliage is sturdy and I think your frogs may not do much damage to it once it's settled in.
This definitely seems like a possibility, though the foliage isn't as showy as other jeweled orchids the flowers look very pretty. From what I'm reading it will stay small?
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Old 01-09-2014, 03:00 PM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

Found some very specific information on exactly where these galacs live on Adelphobates galactonotus

Range Description: This species occurs in the lowland forests of Pará, Maranhão and Tocantins states, Brazil. It probably occurs more widely, in particular between known sites.

Habitat and Ecology: It lives in the leaf-litter of the tropical rainforest, and reproduction takes place in temporary pools. Eggs are laid on the ground and the tadpoles are carried to the water.
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Old 01-09-2014, 03:50 PM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

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Originally Posted by Kudaria View Post
Ok none of the Goodyera (at least that I could find from googling the genus) are from South America, though some are found in North America.

Sarcoglottis sceptrodes however is found from - "Mexico, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Panama in lower rainforests at elevations of sealevel to 1000 meters as a large sized, hot growing terrestrial or pseudo-lithophyte on rocks in soil deposits above streams with a basal rosette of, fasciculate, glabrous below and pubescent above, long-petiolate leaves that blooms in the winter and early spring on a loosely several flowered inflorescence with acuminate floral bracts" according to orchidspecies.com

The Cyclopogon's definitely come from South America but finding them might be difficult as you mentioned.

I like the look of the sarcoglottis do you think it will do well under moderate light? Also how big will it get? I've only got 18x18 worth of floor space.
Sarcoglottis sceptrodes might get 12 - 14" across. Will definitely do well in medium light.
Andys had some Cyclopogon last time I was there. I killed the one I had Apparently clay substrate = bad for these guys.



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Old 01-10-2014, 12:21 AM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

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Sarcoglottis sceptrodes might get 12 - 14" across. Will definitely do well in medium light.
Andys had some Cyclopogon last time I was there. I killed the one I had Apparently clay substrate = bad for these guys.
Ok what do you mean by clay substrate? I'm assuming you don't mean AGB mix with a cup of turface per gallon mixed in?
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Old 01-10-2014, 12:48 AM
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Default Re: Biotopic Habitat

That should work just fine



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